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## Arithmetic: Profit and Loss Test -6

Congratulations - you have completed Arithmetic: Profit and Loss Test -6.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.You correct answer percentage: %%PERCENTAGE%% .Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
 Question 1
A man invested Rs. 8000 for a year in the share market. At the end of the year, he gained 15% and he invested the amount with profit again for the second year. At the end of the second year, he suffered a loss of 15%. Find the gain or loss per cent in the investment after two years.
 A Gain 3.25% B Loss 2.25% C No loss no gain D Loss 5%
Question 1 Explanation:
If we see the question we can say that
Amount after one year with 15% gain = 8000 x 115/100= Rs 9200
Again with a loss of 15% then
Amount after 2nd yr = 9200 x 85/100 = 7820
Therefore
Loss per cent
= (8000 -7820)/8000 x 100 = 2.25%
 Question 2
By selling an article at 80% of its marked price, Meera makes a loss of 12%. What will be the percent profit or loss made by the Meera if she sells the article at 95% of its marked price?
 A 5.5% profit B 1% loss C 5% profit D 4.5% profit
Question 2 Explanation:
Let the cost price =Rs p.
Since the article is sold at 80% of its marked price so
Selling price = 0.88 p
therefore Marked price of article
= 0.88/80 x100 x p=1.1p
= New selling price of article = 1.045p
= {(1.045x – p)/p} x 100= 4.5%
 Question 3
What is the maximum percentage discount that a merchant can offer on her marked price so that she ends up selling at no profit or loss, if she had initially marked her goods up by 50%?
 A 16.67% B 33.33% C 50% D 20%
Question 3 Explanation:
Let cost price = Rs 100
Marked price = Rs 150 (50% initially she had)
So maximum discount percentage is = 50/150 x 100 = 33.33%
 Question 4
A tradesman gives 4% discount on the marked price and 1 article free with every 15 articles still gains 35%. The marked price is more than cost price by?
 A 40% B 39% C 20% D 50%
Question 4 Explanation:
Let the C.P of each article be Rs p
Then C.P of 16 articles=Rs (px16) =Rs 16p
S.P of 15 articles =16p x (135/100)=Rs 21.6
S.P of each article =21.6/15=Rs 1.44
When S.P is Rs 0.96(after 4%discount), marked price =Rs p
And S.P is Rs 1.44, marked price = (p/0.96p)x1.44=Rs 1.5p
Therefore marked price=50%
 Question 5
Even after reducing the marked price of pen by Rs. 32, a shopkeeper makes a profit of 15%. If the cost price be Rs320, what percentage of profit does he make if he sells the pen at the marked price?
 A 25% B 20% C 10% D 30%
Question 5 Explanation:
Profit percentage ={ (Selling price – Cost price)/(cost price)} x 100
Profit = 1.15
Therefore selling price
= 1.15 x 320 = Rs 368
But SP = MP - 32
So, MP = SP + 32 = 368 + 32 = Rs 400
so profit percentage=[{ 400 – 320}/320]x 100 = 25%
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