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Directions (1-5): Read the following pie-chart for the year 1998 and answer the questions given below it.

Please note: savings is not a part of expenditure.

Question 1: If the total amount spent during the year 1998 was Rs.46000, the amount spent on food was:
(a) Rs.2000
(b) Rs.12447
(c) Rs.23000
(d) Rs.2300

Question 2: If the total amount spent was Rs.46000, how much was spent on clothing and housing together?
(a) Rs.11500
(b) Rs.11050
(c) Rs.13529
(d) Rs.15000

Question 3: The ratio of the total amount of money spent on housing to that spent on education was:
(a) 5: 2
(b) 2: 5
(c) 4: 5
(d) 5: 4

Question 4: The given pie-chart shows that the maximum amount was spent on:
(a) Food
(b) Housing
(c) Clothing
(d) Others

Question 5: If the total expenditure of the family for the year 1998 was Rs.46000, the amount the family saved during the year is:
(a) Rs.1500
(b) Rs.15000
(c) Rs.6900
(d) Rs.8117

The total amount spent = Rs 46000

This is 85% of the above pie chart.

The value in the pie-chart=  Rs 46000/.85 = Rs. 54118

The amount spent on food was =23% of 54118= (23/100)x46000 = Rs. 12447

The total amount spent = Rs 46000

This is 85% of the above pie chart.

The value in the pie-chart=  Rs 46000/.85 = Rs. 54118

Total share of clothing and housing = 10% + 15% = 25%

The total amount spent on clothing and housing = 25% of 54118 = (25/100) x 46000= Rs. 13529

Hence, the correct option is (c).

The data is given as a pie chart. So to calculate the ratio of the amount spent, we do not need the actual amount spent as it will be cancelled out in the final calculations.

The amount spent on housing is 15% and on education is 12% of the total.

Hence, the required ratio is 15: 12 = 5: 4. The correct option is (d).

Answer 4: a The sector which has the maximum percentage share in the pie chart showcases maximum amount spent.  According to the graph, the maximum amount was spent on food which was 23% of the total gives (that is expenditure and saving). Since the individual expenditure is being calculated of the value given in the pie-chart, the individual expenses will be in the same ratio as that given in the pie-chart.  The correct option is (a).